FAQ's - chickenbreed,Poultry Pretoria

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FAQ's

Frequently Asked Questions.

What is a pullet?
A female chicken under the age of one year.

What is a hen?
A female chicken over one year of age.

What is a cockerel?
A male chicken under one year of age.

What is a cock?
A male chicken over one year of age.

Why are my pullets not laying?
The most important reason why pullets are not laying,
together with all the reasons hens don't lay, are that they are too young.

Why are my hens not laying?
The most important reasons hens are not laying are usually
because of one or more of the following:

Molting (just wait the required two to three months)
Lice infected (treat with inter alia Carbo Dust)
Stressed (remove cause)
Sick (treat the disease)
Too old (cull)

What is "molting"?
Molting is when poultry change their feathers (molt), usually once a year.
Chickens start to molt after their first laying seasons of about 10 months 
and the process of molting takes about two to three months, 
followed by the next laying season of about ten months. 
The cycle repeats for for the life of the chicken.

What is "point of lay"?
A misnomer, as point-of-lay is generally considered at four to five months of age,
while chickens only actually start laying around six months of age.
Even this various according to breed and external factors such as the time of year the pullets were raised.
For example, pullets hatched in spring will reach maturity as winter approaches 
(together with reducing day-length), and start laying later. 
To avoid confusion, ask for the actual age of the pullets.

What is "just in lay"?
A term coined by ourselves to resolve the uncertainty of the term “point of lay”. 
The term refers to pullets that have just started laying, which is at about six months of age.
Various according to breed and external factors such as the time of year the pullets were raised.
For example, pullets hatched in spring will reach maturity as winter approaches 
(together with reducing day-length), and start laying later.

What is Inbreeding?
Mating of related chickens - The same ancestor occurring within five generations on both sides of the pedigree. 
The degree of inbreeding can be measured through the Sewall-Wright Inbreeding Coefficient defined as 
"The proportion of homozygous genes over and above the average for the population
If inbreeding becomes too high, deformities will increase. Solve by out-crossing. 

How to tell the sex of a baby chicken
How to tell the sex of a baby chicken
 
 
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